- Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c)
Known by many names like glycated hemoglobin, glycosylated hemoglobin, A1C and HbA1c, the Hemoglobin A1C test is used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes and further to gauge how well you are managing your diabetes. Reflecting your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months, this test specifically measures the percentage of your hemoglobin that is coated with sugar (glycated).
The A1C test is also used to monitor your diabetes treatment plan as it measures your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months instead of your blood sugar level at a specific point in time, thus providing a better reflection of how well your diabetes treatment plan is working overall.
Your physician will likely use the A1C test when you’re first diagnosed with diabetes as this helps establish a baseline A1C level. The test may then need to be repeated while you’re learning to control your blood sugar. The frequency of this test will depend upon the type of diabetes you have, your treatment plan and how well you are managing your blood sugar.